As any website owner knows, search-engine optimizationâ€”SEOâ€”is a rapidly moving target. What worked well last week might work against you today. Hordes of website operators learned this the hard way earlier this year, when two key updates to Googleâ€™s algorithms took effect. Known by the cute code names of â€œPandaâ€ and â€œPenguin,â€ these updates were designed to severely penalize websites with thin, weak, or duplicated content. The goal: To rid Googleâ€™s search results of content farms and spam blogs by using quality metrics, instead of merely relying on the old PageRank system to measure a siteâ€™s importance.
The end result has been to force webmasters to do what pros have been advising for years: Stop stuffing keywords into low-grade copy and focus on quality. Unique blogs, images, and video are all increasingly key in todayâ€™s Web world.
Of course, more and more scenery, so to speak, accompanies this mandate. Google+ might not yet matter much to most individuals, but itâ€™s becoming more important to search engines, along with Facebook and Twitter links to content. How your site looks and loads on a mobile browser is also increasingly important, as search results are ever more accessed via smartphone.
All of that is merely prologue: If youâ€™re not already working on all of the above, youâ€™re far, far behind. For those already following this advice, now is the time to take a look ahead at what the next 18 months of SEO are likely to bring. We spoke to dozens of experts to get the skinny on SEO for 2013. Here are the top tips we discovered.
This Website Will Disavow Any Knowledge of Your Actions
Use this tool to prevent Bing from penalizing your site if spammy sites link to it.What happens if someone links to you from a spammy website? It makes you look bad; in fact, search engines can deem that your site is in fact a spam site as well. Your site is guilty by association, even if you have nothing to do with the linker.
Bing has rolled out a tool in its Webmaster Tools that let you â€œdisavowâ€ links from such places. Itâ€™s largely self-explanatory. Just add a page or domain to the tool and click the Disavow button to tell Bing you do not approve. This may improve your site’s position in search results, but almost certainly it will help to rid the Web of some of its spam. Googleâ€™s â€œdisavowâ€ tool is expected in the coming months.
Carson Ward of Distilled.net (one of several online marketing agencies whose experts we interviewed) says these “disavow” tools will raise a lot of questions for search optimizers. â€œWill site owners be more likely to use tactics that search engines frown on if they can simply turn and tell search engines to discount the spam they have created? Will search engines trust site owners to crowdsource spam detection, and should they? Google’s implementation of a disavow tool will largely determine the future of Web spam.â€
Itâ€™s Not Where They Link, Itâ€™s How They Link
Ryan Draving, CEO of CompeteLeap, stresses that machine-generated writing and â€œspinningâ€ (rewriting or slightly changing someone elseâ€™s content to look original) will become useless or even detrimental to your website, adding, â€œSearch results will begin to shift more and more toward brands, and away from websites built purely for SEO. Brands typically invest in the kind of quality content that generates strong links from, and engagement with, bloggers, other websites, and users on social media networks.â€
Those incoming links are still critical, but Draving notes that over-reliance on exact keyword phrases coming into your site (like â€œChicago emergency plumberâ€) will penalize you. Says Draving, â€œKeep less than 11 percent of external links coming to your website via exact keyword phrases. Google expects to see either your URL or your company name as the link text for the majority of your inbound links. So instead of asking every website to link to you with your favorite keywords (‘DIY Internet Marketing’), allow them to use the text they want.â€
Donâ€™t Discount Yahoo
Itâ€™s long been a habit for website operators to forget about Yahoo, even though Yahoo and Bing combined still have nearly a 30 percent market share. But what happens now in the Marissa Mayer era? Will Yahoo rise again as a search leader? Kaysha Kalkofen, co-founder of tSunela, says, â€œKeep an eye on Yahoo’s relationship with Bing, especially in the paid search space. If that evolves, the paid search market will open up again.â€
Take the Credit
Author rankings could become more important than page rankings in the second half of 2013.Have you ever done a Google search and noticed head shots next to a few of the posts at the top of the results? This is part of an experimental program within Google designed to link authors with published content, regardless of where that content lives.
Jon Payne, President and Founder of Ephricon Web Marketing, explains how â€œAuthorRankâ€ works: â€œItâ€™s generally the case that most significant websites have many different authors that contribute to their content. Google is looking at how to trust links from one author versus another, and weight them differently. We see AuthorRank replacing PageRank most likely in the latter half of 2013. Businesses must set up the ability to claim authorship of their content, but the process is pretty easy and (not surprisingly) is mostly handled within Google+.â€ To get started with the process, get your Google+ profile up to snuff (you must have a recognizable face-shot photo as your profile picture) and check out plus.google.com/authorship.
Next page: More essential SEO tips.